The container terminal design is a set of strategic design choices. It includes container handling equipment selection, type of vehicles for container transportation, site locations, yard structure planning, terminal layout planning for smooth loading and discharging processes, and so on.
Containerization is quickly becoming the go-to maritime shipping and inland transportation method. On top of that, there’s an increasing demand for an extra terminal capacity due to the fast growth of the foreign trade operations. Consequently, the container terminal design must go through constant changes and alterations (such as increasing vessel sizes, technology automation, traffic and performance increases, and others).
Terminals frequently face changes in standardization systems or innovative approaches to transportation processes (especially with requirements for vessel parameters, container characteristics, as well as safety and security policies). Container terminals must continuously improve their infrastructure to increase cost-effectiveness and operational productivity.
For instance, the design must be planned to facilitate the loading and unloading processes. This way, the vessels will run smoothly and more efficiently.
In addition to economic expectations from shareholders and customers, environmental concerns play an essential role in the terminal's design. Managers usually resort to container terminal simulation software to improve the container terminal design.
All of the terminal facility processes, equipment and system interactions are managed with a TOS system.